Recycling new energy batteries has many problems
Beginning this year, my country’s new energy vehicle market will usher in a wave of battery recycling. Based on the average lifespan of lithium batteries for 6 years, the amount of waste battery cells that need to be recycled this year is about 100,000 tons. Be aware that this data does not include the electric bicycles that we often see on the streets. In this regard, my country has also introduced a corresponding recycling policy.
In the "Interim Measures for the Administration of the Recycling and Utilization of Power Batteries for New Energy Vehicles" (hereinafter referred to as the "Management Measures), the implementation of the extended producer responsibility system is emphasized, and automobile manufacturers are required to assume the main responsibility for the recovery of power batteries. All links perform corresponding responsibilities. To put it bluntly, this matter is who produces and recycles, so what impact will this have on the automotive industry?
Now the domestic recycling battery industry has just started, and the corresponding recycling rate is only 2%, which is really difficult to meet environmental protection standards. The newly introduced management method is to allow new energy vehicle batteries to cause large-scale secondary pollution. So, what difficulties are currently encountered in the industry regarding battery recycling?
First of all: the dismantling process of used car power batteries is complicated and has potential safety hazards; second, the product consistency is poor and the remaining life and battery status cannot be systematically evaluated; the system integration technology is immature, the recycling economy is not good, and many other problems need to be addressed. Work together from top to bottom. And it must be done clearly. Moreover, I think it is necessary to give certain preferential policies to the responsible companies.
In terms of automakers, domestic new energy vehicle brands headed by BYD have already made preparations for battery recycling, and the recycled batteries will also be used in other fields. However, for some brands that have not developed new energy products from the beginning to the end, the recycling of their "fraud tonic" products is still a big problem.
Finally, some nonsense: Environmental protection is really a big issue. The bottleneck encountered in the development of new energy vehicles can only be pinned on the development of lithium battery technology. However, once again encountering problems with environmental protection, they can only rely on the development of battery recycling technology. The new energy vehicle market has been given a catalyst by the government, but it has indeed survived in the cracks.
In my opinion, instead of blindly developing new energy, it is better to slow down in this aspect, free up one hand, keep up with the international rhythm, and also put a little bet on fuel cell vehicle technology. After all, it now seems that if there is a problem with the recycling of lithium batteries in the future, the harm it will cause to the environment far exceeds the emissions of traditional fuel vehicles.
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